There’s a disconcerting paradox at work when it comes to our health: while since 1990 or so people are talking about eating healthily and exercising more than ever. Yet we’re seeing no reduction and often an increase in the rates of obesity and diabetes.

It is widely accepted that obesity is a big risk factor for type 2 diabetes also known as T2DM. Is it possible our MDs and health science experts misinterpreted the correlation? Dr. Peter Attia is a Stanford-educated surgeon who thinks so.

Dr. Attia admits that he used to judge people who developed type 2 diabetics based on their food and fitness habits or lack thereof. While on duty in the ER, he had a T2DM patient with severe diabetic neuropathy. Her foot was so bad that it needed to be amputated to prevent progressive damage.

Despite doing everything he could as a medical professional, as a human being Dr Attia believes he failed this woman. He believes he failed her because he refused to see her health predicament as anything but her own fault.

Ironically despite being a robust young individual and heavy exerciser with an apparently healthy-eating style, Dr Attia was diagnosed as insulin resistant a symptom of T2DM. That’s when he started wondering if medical science has been VERY wrong about how diabetes and obesity connect.

Could obesity actually be a consequence of insulin resistance rather than a cause? Watch the video below to see why Attia thinks this is the case and how he believes we can reverse the symptoms of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

Attia came to this calling through an unusual path. While he was studying mechanical engineering as an undergrad, a personal experience led him to discover his passion for medicine.

He enrolled at Stanford Medical School, and went on to a residency in general surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital and a post-doctoral fellowship at the National Cancer Institute. After his residency, he joined the consulting firm McKinsey & Company, where he worked on healthcare and financial system problems. The most valuable skill he learned along the way: to ask bold questions about medical assumptions.